Indo-Pacific Coral Reefs
Indo-Pacific coral reefs are distributed over a truly huge oceanic area that covers almost half of the Earth’s entire surface.
Some of the reef ecosystems of this vast region contain – by far – the highest marine biodiversity of any area of the planet.
The Indo-Pacific region contains an abundance of all three major types of coral reefs (atolls, barrier reefs, and fringing reefs).
There are hundreds of atolls in the Indo-Pacific, making them one of the most common type of open ocean reefs in the region. Likewise, barrier reefs are considerably more widespread in the Indo-Pacific than in the Caribbean.
In contrast, fringing reefs are not as prevalent in the Indo-Pacific region.
They are nonetheless common in some areas, particularly in the high islands of French Polynesia, the Red Sea, and areas off east Africa.